This often depends on the size and location of the kidney tumours. Smaller tumours can be surgically removed. Alternatively, the kidney is partially removed. For this purpose, tissue samples are taken from the edge of the ablation of the remaining kidney and submitted to the pathologist for frozen section analysis. During the operation, the pathologist assesses the tissue on site within 60 minutes.
In the case of larger tumours or unfavourable location, the entire kidney must be removed (tumour nephrectomy). Normally, this quality of life is not limited because renal function is assumed by the remaining healthy kidney.