In most cases, the mostly aggressive tumour initially develops insidiously and is noticeable, for example, through non-specific skin changes such as swelling or induration of the glans and foreskin.
Identification of penile cancer is done by taking a tissue sample and analysing the fine structures. Various imaging techniques, such ultrasound, CAT scan or magnetic resonance tomography are then used to identify the stage of the disease.
If the cancer is discovered in time, it can be surgically removed. Removing the foreskin is usually sufficient. If the disease is more advanced, it may be necessary to remove parts of the penis or the whole limb.